The equation M1V1 = M2V2 should be used for dilutions only. Emphasize the recognition of which species define the pH at important points during an acid-base titration.

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## What is the difference between C1V1 C2V2 and M1V1 M2V2 formula?

The answer would be the same; the concentration units must be the same. A variation: you may see this C1V1 = C2V2 written as M1V1 = M2V2. Here the M1 and M2 are the molar concentrations specifically. As long as the concentrations are the same, the formula works.

## What is M1V1?

A stock solution is a concentrated solution that will be diluted to a lower concentration for actual use. The equation for dilution is M1V1=M2V2. stock solution= diluted solution. M1= molarity of the stock solution. M2= molarity of the diluted solution.

## Where can I find M1V1?

You can solve for the concentration or volume of the concentrated or dilute solution using the equation: M1V1 = M2V2, where M1 is the concentration in molarity (moles/Liters) of the concentrated solution, V2 is the volume of the concentrated solution, M2 is the concentration in molarity of the dilute solution (after …

## How do you find ka?

As noted above, [H3O+] = 10-pH. Since x = [H3O+] and you know the pH of the solution, you can write x = 10-2.4. It is now possible to find a numerical value for Ka. Ka = (10-2.4)2 /(0.9 – 10-2.4) = 1.8 x 10-5.

## Why is indicator added to a titration?

The role of indicator in titration is to detect the endpoint of the titration. When the colour of the solution changes, it indicates that the concentration of the chemical specie has reached a critical range. This change in colour is possible with the help of indicators.

## Is concentration the same as molarity?

Molarity is a way of expressing the concentration. The key difference between concentration and molarity is that the concentration is the content of solutes in a solution whereas the molarity is the method of expressing the concentration of a solution.

## When would you use a C1 V1?

C1V1=C2V2 is used to calculate an unknown quantity where two solutions/mixtures are proportional … Calculating how much ingredient is contained in a different volume of the same concentration.

## What is M1V1 M2 V2?

The M1V1 equals M2V2 equation is used to calculate dilution. M1 is the molarity and V1 is the volume of the concentrated solution. M2 is the molarity and V2 is the volume of the of the diluted solution.

## What is n1 and n2 in molarity?

, where M is molarity, n = moles of solute, and V = volume of solution. Since only water is added the moles of solute before water is added (n1) must equal the moles of solute after the water is added (n2).

## How do you find final molarity?

Calculate the final molarity of the mixed solution using the equation molarity = moles ÷ liter. For the example, the final molarity is 0.0135 moles ÷ 0.170 liters = 0.079 M.

## What is collision formula?

And so the sum of the momentum of object 1 and the momentum of object 2 before the collision is equal to the sum of the momentum of object 1 and the momentum of object 2 after the collision. The following mathematical equation is often used to express the above principle. m1 • v1 + m2 • v2 = m1 • v1′ + m2 • v2′

## What does high KB mean?

A large Kb value indicates the high level of dissociation of a strong base. A lower pKb value indicates a stronger base.

## What is endpoint in titration?

indicator colour change is the end point of the titration. The end point is used as an approximation of the equivalence point and is employed, with the known concentration of the titrant, to calculate the amount or concentration of the analyte.

## What happens if you add too much titrant?

It is possible to overshoot the endpoint by adding too much titrant. A correct endpoint is shown on the left, an overshot endpoint on the right. 9. Record the volume in the buret.

## What happens if you add too much phenolphthalein?

Phenolphtalein is slightly acidic. It does affect titration because if you add too much, then it will alter the concentration of whichever solution you are adding it in. If you added it to the acid, it will cause that acid to be more acidic than you may have calculated.

## Are moles and molarity the same thing?

Mole is a measurement of the number of substances, whereas molarity is a measurement of the concentration. Molarity gives an idea of the amount of substances present in a mixture. Molarity is given as moles of a substance in one volume of a solvent. A mole is a unit whereas molarity is not.

## What is M in chemistry?

Molarity (M) is the amount of a substance in a certain volume of solution. Molarity is defined as the moles of a solute per liters of a solution. Molarity is also known as the molar concentration of a solution.

## Is concentration moles or molarity?

molarity: The concentration of a substance in solution, expressed as the number moles of solute per liter of solution. concentration: The relative amount of solute in a solution.

## How do you find m gradient?

In the equation y = mx + b for a straight line, the number m is called the slope of the line. Let x = 0, then y = m • 0 + b, so y = b. The number b is the coordinate on the y-axis where the graph crosses the y-axis.

## Does C1V1 C2V2 work with percentages?

Solutions Based on Percentage Calculate appropriate v/v dilution using the formula C1V1 = C2V2 where C represents the concentration of the solute, and V represents volume in milliliters or ml. An example would be combining 95 percent ethanol with water to mix 100 ml of 70 percent ethanol.

## How do you use a v1c2 V1C1?

V1C1 = V2C2. For example: Make 5mL of a 0.25M solution from 2.5mL of a 1M solution. So you will need to use 1.25mL of the 1M solution. Since you want the diluted solution to have a final volume of 5mL, you will need to add ( V1-V2 = 5mL – 1.25mL) 3.75mL of diluent.